The Vermont Principals Association
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(Nordic Guide Google Doc Version)


Education Statement:

As of the 2020-21 season the The VPA Nordic High School Coaches Association banned the use of ALL fluorinated glide AND kick waxes (including klister) for all competitions. This decision is based on well-documented research linking exposure to polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), including fluorinated waxes, to harmful health effects in humans and animals. 

COMPETITION: Cross Country Skiing will follow the guidelines of the US Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA) and FIS, unless otherwise specified below. 

Coaches – Please remember that as of 7/1/16 all coaches must have AED, CPR and Emergency Action Plan training. As of fall 2021, all coaches must have Implicit Bias Training

2023-2024 State Meet :

1. The State meets will be held on Tuesday, February 27 at Rikert Outdoor Center for Classic technique and Friday, March 1, at Craftsbury Outdoor Center for Freestyle technique.

2. Rules and Regulations will conform to the Vermont Principals’ Association Ski Rules. 

3. Pacing Rule – Coaches and spectators may be on the course on skis. They may shout encouragement and give splits but shall not ski alongside racers or follow the racers in the track once they have passed, but they are allowed to run by foot alongside competitors for no more than 30 meters. 

4. Participants must have participated in 50% of the INTERSCHOLASTIC school meets (exclusive of injury or illness) in which the school participates prior to entering the States. If competitors do not meet this criterion, an appeal must be made to the VPA.  

5. All courses must be properly prepared according to this guide.

6. The VPA has no affiliation with any events beyond State Meet. Please note that Eastern High School Championships are not endorsed by the VPA. If a New England Championship is approved, it would be endorsed by the VPA. 

Directions for Boys’ and Girls’ State Meets

Points of Emphasis 

Both Division I and Division II will compete on the same date and at the same site for the Freestyle State Championship and the same date/site for the Classic State Championship. 

Team scores for each division will be posted prior to relay lane assignments. The overall team scores will be posted as well to determine relay lane assignments. Scores will be sorted for DI and DII to determine separate state champions. 

General Directions for State Meets:

1. In order to qualify, a school must have at least four racers for a full team. 

2. Individuals enrolled in a VPA member school may compete in events, but their scores will not count.

3. Each school may enter eight (8) names for each event with four to count for score and four to displace. In the relay official teams consist of four skiers from the same school (Reminder: To be eligible to race in State Meet athletes must have participated in 50% of the regularly scheduled interscholastic school meets their school has entered- see rules Section 5 #501 below). 

4. A school’s entrants to State Meet must be listed in the order in which they will start the individual races.  On the day of the race, substitutes will be allowed from the school’s list of alternates, but the original running order may not be changed. Relay lineups will be finalized on race day.

5. For Division I or Division II the entry list must be submitted to the Chief of Registration on or before the stated deadline (typically 8:00pm Monday, the week of the first State competition.) All events will be started on time so far as weather conditions permit. Each contestant is expected to be at the starting line to start on time and in order of their number. No one will be allowed to start the race without wearing a bib

Notice To State Meet Directors:
1. Please send a copy of results to: 

Lauren Thomas, Assistant Executive Director, VPA Fax: 229-4801 

Vt. Principals’ Assoc., 2 Prospect Street, Suite 3, Montpelier, VT 05602, or by email and to all coaches involved. 

2. 2024 State Meet Information 

Classic Technique: Division I and II State Championship (Combined) 

Date:   Tuesday, February 27, 2024 at Rikert Outdoor Center      
Site: Rikert Nordic Center

Host: TBD
Meet Director: TBD

Race Order: Girls Ind.(10:30am), Boys Ind. (11:45am) , Girls Relay (2pm), Boys Relay(3pm)

Freestyle Division I and II State Championship (Combined) 

Date:  Friday, March 1, 2024
Site: Craftsbury Outdoor Center
Host: Essex, Stowe, Peoples Academy High Schools
Meet Director: Tim Albertson

Race Order:Boys Ind.(10:30am) , Girls Ind (11:45am) , Boys Relay (2:00pm) , Girls Relay(3:00pm)

3. At State Meets, the VPA provides plaques for the top two boys’ and top two girls’ teams. Medals are also provided for members of the championship and finalist teams. Individual medals/ribbons will be given out to the top ten skiers in each event. This cost will be charged to the teams participating. 

4. All other costs involved in State Meets will be borne by the participating schools. Any school hosting a State Meet will tally the costs involved in the event, i.e., timing, race officials’ fees, toilets, etc. Host schools then notify participating schools of these charges and bill each school their equalized share.  If trail passes are to be charged by the race venue, participating schools must be notified of this in advance of the scheduled meeting. 

Present Alignment – Nordic Skiing 

Division 1 

BFA St. Albans, Brattleboro, Burlington, CVU, Colchester, Essex, Mt. Anthony, Mt. Mansfield, Rutland, South Burlington, St. Johnsbury 

Division II 

BFA Fairfax, Burr & Burton, Craftsbury, Harwood, Lamoille, Lyndon, Middlebury, North Country, Montpelier, Peoples, Otter Valley, South Royalton, Stowe, U-32, Woodstock


These rules have been established for the purpose of conducting all high school nordic ski meets in the State of Vermont. They are intended to provide safe conditions and uniform treatment for all participants and their teams. 

Section 1: The Events 

100  The events in a high school nordic ski meet include individual races and relay races. 

101  In the State Nordic Ski Meet (State Meet), the events are a balance of classic

 technique and freestyle technique and are held over a two-day period. 

Section 2: Qualifications for Entry 

200 Each competitor shall be eligible under the Rules of the VPA. 

201 A member of a school team is a student-athlete who is regularly present for, and actively participates in, all team tryouts, practices, and competitions. Bona fide members of a school team are prevented from missing a high school practice or competition to compete with an out-of-school team, practice, or competition to include tournaments, showcases, combines, or other athletic events. 

Whenever a conflict arises between the high school team practice/competition and an out-of-school team practice/competition on the same day, the high school team practice/competition shall be honored by the student-athlete. Priority must be given at all times to the high school team, its practices, and its contest unless permission has been granted by the school. It is expressly understood that permission shall not be granted on a regular basis. 

It is highly recommended to all schools that this information be put into all athletic handbooks and also should be presented by Athletic Directors/Coaches at pre-season meetings with athletes and parents. (Date Warned: 5-28-14, Date Adopted: 8-8-14) 

In the State Meet, each competitor shall be cleared as to physical condition for skiing and shall be covered by some form of health and accident insurance to the satisfaction of their local school. 

Section 3: The Race Committee and its Duties 

300 The organizers shall appoint for each meet a Race Committee which will be responsible for the meet’s orderly preparation and conduct. It is responsible for all the technical aspects of the competition. It consists of specialists who are particularly well-qualified for their allotted tasks. It is recommended that each official do only one job. 

301 When possible, the members of the Race Committee should be: 

– Chief of Competition

-Chief of Registration

– Chief of Course 

-Chief of Timing 

– Chief of Stadium

-Technical Delegate

-Chief of Control and Competition Security

-Chief Medical Officer

-The Chief of Competition will appoint other officials as necessary

302 The Chief of Competition supervises the preparation and carrying out of the competition. This person is responsible for all technical aspects of the competition. This person must check that all officials responsible for the organization of the competition are qualified to carry out the competition according to the VPA Nordic Ski Rules. The Chief of Competition supervises the work of all Race Committee officials. The Chief of Competition is the chair of all team leaders’ meeting, a member of the jury, and the Organizing Committee’s representative in dealings with the Technical Delegate 

303 The Chief of Registration is responsible for all secretarial work concerned with the technical aspects of the competition. This person works with the Chief of Timing to prepare all forms for the start, timing, calculation, draw and controls. This person organizes coaches’ meetings, preparation of start lists, and distribution of the minutes of the coaches and jury meetings. This person works with the Chief of Timing to arrange for the earliest possible publication of the unofficial results and distribution of official results and possible disqualifications. This person must hand over protests immediately to the Jury. A copy of the official results shall be given to each competitor and shall be sent to the Executive Director of the VPA. 

304 The Chief of Course is responsible for selecting courses to meet the VPA norms. This person is responsible for the prompt preparation, marking, and fencing of the course, ski warm-up and testing areas, temperature measurements, and first aid posts. This person must be able to set the track in the ideal line and place it or remove it correctly on curves and on downhills. This person decides on the suitable placing of controllers in cooperation with the TD, Chief of Race, and the Chief Controller. In agreement with the starter, this person must send at least two post runners around the course after the last competitor. If the weather or snow conditions are bad, this person shall use course preparation and the forerunners to ensure that the course is in the best possible condition. 

305 The Chief of Timing is responsible for the direction and coordination of the officials working in the timing area. Manual timers, electronic timers, and calculations officials work under this person’s supervision. This person coordinates the work of the starter and the finish referee. This person supervises the data processing services and provides media information support. 

306 The Technical Delegate is the guarantor that the competition is run in accordance with VPA rules. Before the event the TD is responsible for being in contact with the Chief of Competition and other members of the Organizing Committee The TD should visit the site prior to the competition. The TD decides in collaboration with the Chief of Competition, Chief of Course, and Chief of Stadium how and when the course should be prepared, the width of tracks, the layout of the stadium including the start, finish and tag zones, the controlled access to start and finish, the placement of technique controllers and all other technical aspects related to the competition. The TD should be able to ski the course and make a judgment of course preparations. During the event, the TD should be in the stadium unless prior arrangements have been made with the Chief of Competition. The TD should remain in permanent radio contact with the Chief of Competition and the Chief of Course. The TD should carry a valid Technical Delegate license from the USSA or NENSA. The VPA Nordic Ski Guide should be provided to the TD at least one week prior to the first state event by the host schools. 

307 Chief of Control and Competition Security is responsible for coordinating activities with the Chief of the Stadium and the Chief of Course. This person decides with the Chief of Course and the TD on the suitable placement of controllers, informs controllers of their duties, and equips controllers with control cards and any other materials necessary to the performance of their duties. This person collects control cards after competition and reports any incidents to the Jury. Two controllers are necessary at each post. 

308 The Chief Medical Officer is responsible for the organization of all medical and first aid arrangements and for the quick transport to the nearest hospital. All host sites need to have an emergency action plan. This plan needs to be presented to all schools. Note – the VPA will cover the cost of medical personnel at state championship events. 

309 The Jury consists of three members: the Technical Delegate (TD). The Chief of Competition, and the VPA representative/Host Athletic Director.

310 The Jury must ensure that the race is carried out according to the VPA Nordic Ski Rules. 

311 The Jury must clarify and decide:

1. Whether a race shall be interrupted, postponed, or canceled due to dangerous weather conditions. With temperatures below -20°C (-4°F), measured at the coldest point of the course, the race will be postponed or canceled by the Jury. Make sure coaches review the VPA Cold Policy which can be found on the VPA website under Sports Medicine.

2. If “force majeure ” was the reason for a competitor’s late arrival at the start.

3. Whether substitutes can be included and late entries accepted.

4. Whether protests should be accepted and sanctions enforced 

5. Any questions not covered by the VPA Nordic Ski Rules. 

312 Decisions of the Jury are made by a majority of the votes. 

313 Before the race, the TD checks all the technical aspects of the race and skis the course after final grooming and marking. During the race, this person should be in the stadium area where difficulties are likely to arise. After the race, this person should meet with the Jury and deal with any infractions and protests. Within five days, this person should submit to the VPA a detailed report on the preparations, the organization and the carrying out of the competition. It is important that the Technical Delegate not be affiliated with the host school 

314 The VPA will reimburse the TD $100 plus mileage at the State Meet. 

Section 4: Technique Definitions and the Course 

400 Classic Techniques 

  1. Classical technique includes the Diagonal Stride techniques, the double poling with or without diagonal kick, herringbone without a gliding phase and turning techniques.
  2. Diagonal Stride technique is comprised of alternating diagonal movements of both arms and legs and includes diagonal stride and herringbone techniques without a gliding phase. In diagonal technique only one or no pole is in the ground at any time.
  3. Turning techniques comprise of steps with the inner ski and pushes with the outer ski in order to change skiing direction. The sections of the course where turning techniques are allowed must be clearly marked.
  4. Where there are one or more set tracks, repeatedly changing or stepping in and out of tracks is not allowed.
  5. Single or double-skating is not allowed.
  6. On some race courses “Stride Only Zones” may be placed on gradual uphills. In these zones, diagonal techniques must be observed. The jury is, in all competitions in classic technique, enforcing the use of the diagonal technique on marked sections of the course. The diagonal technique means the use of alternating diagonal movements of both arms and legs and includes diagonal stride and herringbone techniques. In the diagonal technique, only one pole is in the ground at any time.  No double-poling is allowed.  The beginning and end of “Stride Only Zones” must be clearly marked.

401 Freestyle technique includes all cross-country ski techniques 

402 A cross-country course should be laid out so as to be a technical, tactical, and physical test of the racer’s qualifications. The degrees of difficulty should be in accordance with the level of competition. 

The course should be laid out as naturally as possible, varying the prescribed differences in elevation, climbs, and flat and downhill sections to avoid monotony. Rhythm should be broken as little as possible by sharp changes in direction or steep climbs. The downhill sections must be laid out so that they can be negotiated with a minimum of risk, even on a particularly fast or icy track.

403 In the State Meet, the distance for the individual races shall be between 5km and 6km. and for the relay races as close as possible to 4×2.5 km. This means four different skiers each ski one 2.5 km leg. 


  • The height difference (HD) between the lowest and highest points of a 6 km. competition may not exceed 100 meters. The difference in height of a single climb (MM) without a break of at least 200 meters may not exceed 50 meters. The total climb (MT) should be within 150 – 225 meters. 

405 The courses must be prepared before the winter so that they can be raced on with minimal risk, even on very little snow. Stones, roots, stumps, brush-wood and similar obstacles should be removed. Special attention must be given to downhill sections. 

406 For individual competitions in the Classic Technique, a single track should be set in the ideal skiing line of the course. The track is normally set in the middle of the trail except through curves. The best line for the track before, during and after the curves must be chosen so that the competitor can always ski in the best line without leaving the track. If this is not possible or is dangerous in sharp curves, the track shall be removed and if necessary these places shall be marked. The tracks should be set 17 – 30 cm apart and 2 – 5 cm deep. Where two tracks are used they should be set 1.00 – 1.20 m apart as measured from the middle of each pair of tracks. 

407 For the last 100 meters before the finish of a classic race the course shall be as straight as possible. The beginning of the finish zone should be marked with a colored line and flagged. The final 30 -40 meters of the zone is separated into 3 corridors with set tracks. They must be clearly marked and highly visible in a way that does not interfere with skiers. 

408 For individual competitions in the Freestyle Technique, the course shall be well-packed and graded to a width of at least 6 meters. 

409 For the last 100 meters before the finish of a freestyle race the course shall be as straight as possible and prepared to a width of at least 6 meters, 30 – 40 meters before the finish line the course should be separated into  no less than 2 clearly marked lanes 3 meters in width 

410 The course shall be marked clearly 24 hours in advance (with signs, arrows, flags and maps) so that the competitor is never in doubt about where the course goes. 

411 In the State Meet, it is compulsory that signs mark each kilometer. Forks and intersections on the course must be marked by visible signage; unused parts of the course must be blocked off. 

412 In the State Meet results should be posted in two or more places accessible to coaches.

413 In the event that a lap lane is required it should be located to the side of the start or finish. For relays, the finish line must be in a separate area from the tag zone. 

414 Warm-up areas, warm-up tracks and tracks for wax testing and for ski testing should be provided. 

415 For individual interval start competitions, the starting line consists of two vertical posts and a line on the snow. The start may be elevated. 

416 The finish line is clearly marked in the very least by two vertical posts and a line on the snow. Behind the finish, there should be a fenced area not less than 10m in length and 6M in width. This allows for skiers to move a safe distance away from finishing skiers while their bibs are being collected

Section 5: The Competition and the Competitors 

500 Each competitor must compete in at least fifty percent of its team’s regularly scheduled meets before taking part in the State Meet. Exceptions to this rule for reasons of injury or illness or because of meet cancellation may be granted by the Executive Director of VPA. 

501 In State Meet, a maximum of eight competitors may compete in an individual race and exactly four must compete in a relay. A school may enter only one relay team. 

502 All team rosters and starting orders should be sent to the Chief of Registration by the deadline and in the manner listed in the Nordic Ski Guide. Any team or individual failing to comply with the above may be disallowed from entering the State Meet. 

503 In case of injury or illness to a competitor prior to an event, a substitution may be made only from the original team roster, up to the posted time registration closes. The substitute shall take the starting position of the competitor replaced. The starting order of the team may not be changed. 

504 All competitors and coaches are expected to conduct themselves in a sportsmanlike manner and to present a personal appearance that will reflect the highest credit upon their sport and their schools. All Competitors who bring discredit to their school or the sport by failure to conduct themselves in this way, may be disqualified from that event and cannot be substituted for. 

505 All contestants are responsible for knowing and observing all these rules and VPA regulations as well as any special regulations handed down by the Race Committee. 

506 The order of events may vary with the availability of the site facilities. In the State Meet, the individual race is held first and the relay race is held second. 

507 The starting order for each team shall be decided by the team’s coach. The coach shall submit their team’s starting order to the Meet Director with their team roster. Coaches shall have the option of passing any rounds if their entry is short of the maximum number of eight. 

508 In the State Meet, separate drawings shall be made within each round in each event. Individuals who are not members of a team may be seeded in any of the eight rounds as determined by their coach. 

509 Double start numbers, legible from back and front, will be issued to each competitor for each event. No athletes will be allowed to start if they are not wearing a bib

510 Competitors should be given an opportunity to train and inspect the course in racing conditions. Only in exceptional circumstances may the course be closed or may certain sections be limited to inspection. 

511 During the competition, the competitors must follow the flagged course from start to finish and pass all controllers. The competitors must ski the entire course using only their own means of propulsion. The help of pushing is not allowed. Pacing of any type (on skis or foot) is not allowed. Skiing in front of or behind a racer within 50 meters is not allowed. 

512  Competitors may change both poles and one ski, if the ski is broken or damaged or the binding is damaged and can be proven to the Jury. Wax may be changed, without help from any one person. Wax, torch, scraper, food and drink may be provided by others. Split times and other verbal information may be provided by an individual who moves on foot no more than 30 meters while doing so. 

513 Classic pole height: in classic technique the maximum pole length must not exceed 83% of the competition height of the skier. Competition height is measured when the athlete is wearing ski boots. Height is from the ground to the top of the head. Pole height is measured from the bottom of the pole tip to highest attachment of the strap. Measurements are rounded to the nearest centimeter. This rule will be enforced at the State Championships by the Jury when potential infractions are reported by course marshals. Athletes out of compliance will be reported to the Jury. Sanctions up to and including disqualification may result. This rule should be enforced during the regular season as well.

514 Competitors who are overtaken by others must give way at the first demand of “Track” even if there are two tracks (as in classic races) or if the competitor’s movements become restricted (as in freestyle races). The exception to this rule is where the competitor does not have space to leave the track or to give way. There are no tracking protocols in mass start races. This includes mass starts in relays.

515 The competitors must comply with the directions of the competition officials. 

516 If all the scheduled events cannot be completed in one day, then the events which have not been completed may be carried out the following day or on such make-up date as has been established by the VPA. 

517 VPA Transgender Policy: please reference the VPA website under Sports Medicine. 

518 Uniforms: competition uniforms will consist of school approved, full length long- or short-sleeved tops so that all team members are dressed in the same school colors. No singlets or shorts allowed.

519 The use of ALL fluorinated glide AND kick waxes (including klister) is banned for regular season and state meet races.

Section 6: Timing and Results 

600 In the State Meet individual race, a single start with a 15 second interval or a double start with a 30 second interval is generally used. 

601 The starter gives every competitor a verbal warning of “ten seconds” and  “five seconds” at the appropriate time.  The starter’s last command is “GO!” If electric timing is used, an audible signal will be given simultaneously. The start clock must be placed so that the competitor can easily see it. 

602 The competitor must have their body stationary and their feet placed behind the start line before the starter gives the commands to start. The poles maybe placed stationary over the start line and/or gate. 

603 If hand timing is used, a competitor who starts early must be recalled and again pass the start line. In this case, the starting time must be the one on the start list. When competitors are not recalled, the assistant starter or a designated person must record the time they started The jury will decide if a time penalty will be imposed.

604 If electronic timing is used, competitors may start anytime between 3 seconds before and 3 seconds after the “Go” signal. If they start more than 3 seconds before the “Go” signal, it is a false start and must be recalled and made to pass an extension of the start line outside the electronic start gate. When competitors are not recalled, the assistant starter or a designated person must record the time they started. The jury will decide if a time penalty will be imposed. If competitors start more than 3 seconds late, the start time will count. 

605 A competitor who starts late shall not interfere with the start of other competitors. An assistant starter or another designated official shall be assigned to handle late starts

606 With both electronic and hand timing, actual start times must be noted in case the Jury decides that a competitor’slate start was due to “force majeure”. 

607 In the State Meet, a finish order is established after the individual race. This overall finish order will establish the team scoring and hence the starting lane assignments for the relay race. The team in first place overall (Div 1 and 2 combined) will be assigned lane 1 in the relay, etc..

608 No one is allowed in the starting area except the starting officials, the starting racer and the racer’s coach or trainer. 

609 The Starter must ensure that the competitors start at the correct start times in accordance with their start numbers. 

610 The controllers note all competitors who pass through their control area. If a competitor leaves the marked course or does not follow the rules, this must be clearly marked on the control card. The control cards must be collected immediately after the passing of the final competitor by the Chief of Control and Competition Security (Technical Delegate). 

612 If hand timing is used, the finish time is taken when the competitor’s first foot crosses the line between the two posts at the finish. 

613 If electronic timing is used, the finish time is taken when the contact is broken. The measuring point of the light or photo barrier must be at a height of 25 cm. above the surface of the snow. 

614 The results are calculated by taking the difference between the finish and start times. 

615 If two or more competitors have the same time, they shall have the same placing on the finish list, and the competitor with the lower starting number will be listed first. 

616 The unofficial finish list shall be posted on the official bulletin board as soon as possible after the competition, with the time of posting noted. The result becomes official after a pre-arranged protest period or after the Jury’s decisions. Official results should be distributed to all competitors and coaches as soon as possible. 

617 The official result list must contain the final order of competitors, their start number, school, times and team scores. 

618 If a race is postponed and then completed the same day, the results shall be official. If a race is not resumed the same day the times of the competitors who have completed the course shall be annulled. 

Section 7: Scoring 

700 In the individual races, the team score for a school shall be the sum of the points earned by the four best finishers from the school. 

701 Points are awarded to a finisher by the PLACE the racer finishes in his/her division and only the best four (4) finishers from each school receive points. All other finishers receive no points but can displace. An individual who is not a member of a team receives no points and does not enter in the team scoring. 

702 The first place finisher receives one point, the second place finisher receives two points, third place three points, fourth place four points, etc. 

703 To be considered a team, a school must start four racers in an event. If a team has at least four starters, but has less than four finishers in an event, then its score will be figured as follows: Add one point to the points of the last finisher and add this point value to the team score for each missing finisher. This same point value will be used for any team needing a “finisher” for scoring. this same point value will be used for a team member who has been disqualified, if that team member is needed as one of the four best finishers of a team. A disqualified relay team will receive the same points as the last place team plus 10 points.

704 In case of a tie between individuals, each finisher receives the same points. 

705 Low score wins. 

706 In the relay races, the scoring is done by a 10 point increment system. The first place team receives 10 points, the second place team receives 20 points, the third place team receives 30 points, etc. In the event that a relay team is disqualified, that team or teams will be scored 10 points more than the last place team. 

707 The overall meet score for a team shall be the sum of the points earned in each event. If a team does not have a score in all the events, then they receive no overall meet score. 

708 If two teams have the same number of points at the end of a meet, then a tie-breaker shall be determined by the combined places in the two state meets of the 5th place skier. This shall be determined after the last individual event has been contested, and shall be used for all tied places. 

709 If an event of a meet has to be canceled, then the overall meet score for a team will be the sum of the points of the completed events. 

710 Example of team scoring in an individual race: 

1. Mt. Mansfield 1 point

2. Mt. Anthony 2

3. Mt. Mansfield 3 

4. North Country 4

5. North Country 5

6. Rutland (an individual) 

7. Mt. Anthony 6

8. Mt. Mansfield 7

9. Mt. Anthony 8

10. Mt. Mansfield 9

11. tie North Country 10 

11. tie Mt. Anthony 10 

13. Mt. Mansfield 12 

14. Mt. Mansfield 13 

15. Middlebury 14 

16. Mt. Anthony 15 

17. North Country 16 

18. Mt. Anthony 17 end of field 

Mt. Mansfield 1+3+7+9 = 20 points 

Mt. Anthony 2+6+8+10 = 26

North Country 4+5+10+16 = 35 

Section 8. Disqualification, Protests and Appeals 

800 A competitor can be disqualified by the Jury if s/he:

1. Does not meet the eligibility requirements of articles 200, 201, 202 

2. Enters the race under a different name or uses a bib that is not assigned to him/her.

3. Does not follow the marked course or does not pass all controls.

4. Receives unauthorized assistance. (see art. 512)

5. Fails to give way to an overtaking competitor when so requested, or obstructs another competitor.

6. Runs part of the course without skis on his or her feet.

7. Competes or trains on the course with skis other than cross country skis.

8. Does not ski the classic technique in a classic race.(see article 400) 

801 After disqualification, a competitor’s name will be deleted from the result list and a new list prepared. 

802 In case of major offenses (repeated disqualification, intended obstruction of competitors by other competitors, trainers, coaches, officials and other offenses), the Jury informs the VPA Executive Director and proposes corresponding sanctions. 

803 A protest shall be considered by the Jury, when filed by the school’s Head Coach to the Chief of Registration within the time limit specified. A $100 filing fee must be submitted with the protest.

804 A protest shall be considered by the Jury, only if it is submitted within the stated protest time period.

805 A protest shall be considered by the Jury, only if it is made in writing by a school’s Head Coach. 

806 Protests against the admission of a competitor must be delivered in writing before the competition begins. 

807 Protests against the conduct of another competitor or of an official must be delivered within the stated protest time period 

808 Protests concerning the timing, calculations of time or calculations of team scores must be delivered within the stated protest time period 

809 If an error is proved, the corrected results must be published and the prizes redistributed and the $100 filing fee will be returned. 

810 A contestant may appeal a decision of the Jury to the VPA Ski Committee. If so, the contestant must notify the Chief of Competition that an appeal is going to be made. 

811 An appeal shall be considered by the VPA Ski Committee, only if it is endorsed by the Principal or Athletic Director of the contestant’s school. 

812 An appeal shall be considered by the VPA Ski Committee, if it’s received via email within 24 hours of the final.

Section 9: Relay Races

900 The rules for relay races are the same as for the individual races with the following changes: 

901 For relay competitions, a mass start is used. The Classic and Freestyle Relays will have 4 legs. 

902 For relays the start line is part of an arc of a circle with a radius of 100m. Skiers on different teams occupying the same start lane should be separated by four meters. The individual starting places must be 1.5 meters apart. There must be no factors that cause unwarranted congestion. To provide a fair start in either the classic or freestyle relay , modifications can be madeas required byto terrain and snow conditions. 

903 It is recommended that the first kilometer of the course should not have narrow sections or sharp curves. 

904 For classic technique relays, the mass start should have 30 – 50 meters of parallel tracks where the competitors must neither change lanes nor leave the tracks, nor use skating steps. After that, the tracks should converge to half the original number of tracks. After that, they should converge to two or three tracks. The rest of the course should be prepared with two sets of tracks. 

905 For freestyle technique relays, the mass start should have 30 – 50 meters of parallel tracks where the competitors must neither change lanes nor leave the tracks, nor use skating steps. The rest of the course should be prepared as in article 408. 

906 The relay start positions shall be as follows:  Start number 1 stands in the middle track, number 2 to their right, number 3 to their left, number 4 to their right and etc. 

Example: 15, 13, 11, 9, 7, 5, 3, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 

907 If there is not enough room to start all the competitors in one line, it is permissible to have two or more rows behind the row on the starting line. The front row should have at least six competitors. 

908 The relay exchange zone should be a rectangle 30 meters long and sufficiently wide, clearly marked and roped off and on flat or smoothly rising ground. The relay exchange zone cannot serve as a finish line. 

909 Bibs may be assigned to the teams before or after the individual races. As soon as possible but no less than 30 min before the start of each the relay races, the names of the four competitors from each team and their starting order must be delivered to the organizers and may not  be subsequently changed. 

910 The starter must be positioned to be easily heard by all competitors. 

911 One minute before the start, the competitors are lined up on the start line. They are given a 30 second warning.  At any time during the last 10 seconds, the starter fires a shot or says “GO”. 

912 deleted

913 In a team event, the exchange is achieved by the arriving competitor, with a tap of the hand on any part of the next competitor’s body while both competitors are in the relay exchange zone. Hand to equipment is not a valid tag. The next competitor may only enter the relay exchange zone when summoned. Any method of pushing the starting competitor is forbidden. 

914 Intermediate times for the individual legs of the course are taken when a competitor enters the relay exchange zone. This is also the starting time for the next competitor. 

915 The total time for a relay team is calculated by taking the difference between the finish time of its fourth competitor and the start time of its first competitor. 

916 In the State Meet, the official result list must contain the final order of teams, the total team times and the team scores. The split times of each leg may be listed. 

917 The same rules for disqualification apply as the individual races with the following additions. A team will be disqualified by the Jury if:

1. The same competitor skis more than one leg.

2. The exchange is not correctly carried out and not corrected. 

3. A member of a school’s relay team skis out of order